The Treatments & Causes that You Need to Know about Liver Cancer

The liver is one of the largest organs of the body that performs the function of removing toxins. Sometimes, the growth of malignant hepatic tumors in or on the liver that causes cancer. The point of concern with liver cancer is that it generally does not show visible symptoms until an advanced stage, decreasing the chances of survival. Hence, regular checkups and addressing the known symptoms immediately is one way to fight the disease.


There are a few symptoms that indicate the presence of liver cancer in the body. These symptoms include jaundice, abdominal pain, unexplained weight loss, an enlarged liver, fatigue, nausea, vomiting and back pain as well.


Causes of Liver Cancer


Before knowing the treatments, it is necessary to understand the causes of liver cancer. According to the American Cancer Society, Hepatitis C is the most common cause. People with both Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C have a significantly higher risk of developing this form of cancer.


Other risk factors for liver cancer are as follows -


Type 2 Diabetes

Heredity or family problem

Heavy use of alcohol

Long-term exposure to aflatoxins

Low immunity

Obesity

Smoking


Treatment of Liver Cancer


If the cancer is identified at an earlier stage, it requires immediate surgery to remove the cancerous cells. A part of the liver is removed during the process. It can be performed in two ways depending upon the growth of the cancer cell.


Partial hepatectomy - When the tumour is small and occupies a small part of the liver, then it is recommended to remove that part of the liver and prevent the liver from further damage.


Liver transplantation – If the tumour size is less than 5 cm, then surgeons select the option of liver transplantation. Chances of cancer recurring are reduced with the transplantation. However, the surgery is not advisable in case of the tumour size greater than 5 cm.


Treatments directly administered to the affected area are known as localized treatments.


Here are some of the localized treatments we offer


Cryoablation – It is the process of freezing cancer cells to destroy them. The doctor places an instrument (cryoprobe) containing liquid nitrogen directly onto liver tumors. There are ultrasound images that are used to guide the device to freeze the cancer cells.


Cancer cell heating – The process is the reverse of cryoablation. In this process, radio frequency ablation uses an electric current to destroy or heat the cancer cells. With the help of ultrasound images, doctors insert one or more thin needles into small incisions.


Chemotherapy – In this process, cancer specialist prescribes strong anti-cancer drugs directly to the liver intending to destroy the cancerous growth.


There are numerous treatments and causes of liver cancer, and the patient has to reach out to the right hospital to get the high-quality medical care. Be very careful while choosing your cancer treatment hospital. They should have experienced surgeons, advanced surgical theatres and equipment to ensure the patient gets the best treatment.

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